There is no dispute about the rising popularity of CBD. The driving force in this growing industry seems to be the possibility of natural relief.
Many Americans’ symptoms such as anxiety, pain management, and even as a treatment to certain medical conditions.
Get this, a 2019 study published by JAMA found that were 6.4 million searches for CBD on Google alone. The study went further and noted an expected rise in popularity as interest grows.
Despite the growing popularity, many Americans are still unfamiliar with CBD and its potential health benefits.
To help clear up any misconceptions and answer your common questions, here are 8 things you need to know about CBD.
Let’s dig deeper.
1. What is CBD?
CBD is the short name for the cannabinoid molecule known as Cannabidiol that is naturally found in the Cannabis sativa plant such as hemp and marijuana.
The Cannabidiol (CBD) molecule was initially found by Mechoulam and Shvo in 1964
While both hemp and marijuana contain CBD, its concentration of the cannabinoid varies among the plants.
CBD is the major active ingredient in hemp and THC is the major active ingredient in marijuana.
CBD molecular structure itself is remarkably similar to THC. Both have 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and 2 oxygen atoms.
The only difference between the two is the arrangement of the Hydroxide in CBD vs the oxygen found in THC. This small difference in arrangement explains the why THC exhibits psychoactive properties.
If you would like to learn more about CBD and its mechanics, check out our “Why CBD works” blog.
Note that CBD oil and Hemp oil are different
Hemp oil contains low levels of CBD – typically less than 25 parts per million – while CBD oil can be up to 15% CBD. Because the plants are related, some unscrupulous sellers of hemp oil are trying to market it for its medicinal value, which is negligible. However, both hemp oil and CBD oil, have their own health benefits.
2. Is CBD legal?
The Farm Bill
In December 2018, President Trump Farm Bill signaled a significant twist. Most analyses zeroed in on the controversial bill’s implication on medicine and wellness niche.
Before the bill passage, cannabis and all its products were grouped as a Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) – alongside cocaine, heroin, etc.
However, this federal law does not override cannabis-specific provisions within state jurisdictions. The Farm Bill allows the cultivation of the hemp plant and manufacturing of hemp-based products.
Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are legal on the federal level but are still illegal under some state laws. Marijuana-derived CBD products are illegal on the federal level but are legal under some state laws.
Check your state’s laws and those of anywhere you travel. Keep in mind that nonprescription CBD products are not FDA-approved, and maybe inaccurately labeled.
3. Is CBD legal in the workplace?
Typically, yes but again it depends on your state laws and employers policy.
Many employers understand that CBD is considered safe and non-psychoactive. Hence, its use may not negatively influence workers’ behavior and performance.
Even more, the 2018 Farm Bill gives CBD users a legal backup.
What about workplace drug testing?
A typical federal-standard hemp-based product contains an insignificant THC amount, and may not show up on your drug tests.
However, false postives have been reported in the past with the used of CBD products. Use cation when using or buying CBD products with unverifiable Certificate of Analysis.
Learn more about CBD in the workplace here.
4. No, CBD does not make you high
As mentioned above, CBD alone does not provide users with any psychoactive effects like THC does.
So just to be clear, can CBD get you high?
The answer is NO.
The effects of CBD are different from the effects of THC. CBD affects the way the endocannabinoid system receptors bind with THC, mitigating the psychoactive effects of the THC.
CBD is technically psychoactive because of calming effects it can have, but users say it is not at all like being high from THC-rich marijuana.
Still, many individuals might assume CBD causes the same effects as marijuana, because both can be found in the same plant. However, CBD alone is nonintoxicating. It won’t cause a high.
However, CBD can be derived from marijuana plants, but it tends to have a higher THC level than hemp, so thus cannot be legally sold in many parts of the U.S.
Marijuana can have a THC level around 5 to 25 percent compared to hemp’s THC level of 0.3 percent or lower.
CBD does interact with the endocannabinoid system. Its effects are similar to those associated with marijuana. It’s been used to treat pain, anxiety, depression, and a number of other conditions.
5. CBD does offer health benefits
Currently, Cannabidiol is not recognized by the government as medication or supplement, except in Epidiolex, a CBD-infused product approved for the treatment of two rare forms of epilepsy – Dravet and Lennox Gastaut syndrome.
Besides epilepsy, CBD can only be sold as a dietary supplement, devoid of any medical claim. Hence, the CBD market is grossly under-regulated, which makes it a bit tricky to get good-quality products.
There isn’t enough evidence to conclude on the therapeutic gains of CBD-based products to be used as definitive treatments besides in the case of epilepsy, however, studies show marked improvements for many conditions.
Here are a few benefits of CBD oil:
People suffering from chronic pain due to fibromyalgia have reported great relief by using CBD oil. It works by preventing degeneration of the nervous system and may help with inflammation associated with many non-infectious diseases such as cancer, Type 1 Diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, and heart disease.
The anti-seizure properties of CBD oil make it an option for neurological disorders such as epilepsy. Some studies show a potential benefit for complications arising from neuronal injury, neurodegeneration, and psychiatric diseases as well.
CBD oil may be recommended to patients suffering from chronic anxiety and other behavioral disorders. It may also be advantageous for substance abuse disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
The neuroprotective and antioxidant properties of CBD oil prove it to be a good option for treating oxidative stress caused by free radicals.
Cannabinoids are effective in elimination of harmful bacteria, therefore, it is recommended as a potential solution to fight multi-drug resistant bacteria. This natural extract works by inhibiting T-cell proliferation from preventing superbug attacks.
Studies show CBD oil is capable of combating certain symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes.
Schizophrenia is a complex mental illness. Although it is treated using some therapies and certain pharmaceutical drugs, they generally cause unwanted and often severe side effects. Research shows CBD oil may be an effective solution to reduce hallucinations with lower incidence of side effects. It is being researched as a safe, well-tolerated, alternative to the treatment of psychosis.
People that struggle with tobacco or other addictions are also seeking out CBD as a potential solution. Proper CBD oil dosing may reduce symptoms associated with insomnia, pain, mood swings, anxiety, and substance abuse.
Note: It’s important, however, to always consult your doctor before attempting to treat conditions on your own and discuss the right treatment option for you and your needs.
6. Is CBD safe to use?
Pending more in-depth research on CBD’s side effects, the compound is widely considered safe. WHO says CBD is safe and widely tolerated.
First, CBD is non-toxic. Even in ‘high doses,’ only rare cases of adverse effects have been reported.
In fact, according to a National Cancer Institute publication, there’s almost no such thing as CBD overdosing.
Although data on CBD safety are still limited, there are a handful of probable side effects, including:
- Sudden mood swings
Other likely results are drug-drug interaction, liver failure, effects of depressants-CBD interaction.
7. You don't have to smoke it
Luckily CBD is avaible in many forms. This gives users a range of options to select from, which is, perhaps, another reason CBD is everywhere.
Here is a list of way to take CBD:
Oils and tinctures
They are CBD concentrates usually dosed with a dropper sublingually (under the tongue). This dosage form sends the CBD into the bloodstream faster than swallowing.
Creams and lotions
CBD lotions, creams, and oils are increasingly common. These applications are designed for application on the hair, nails, and skin. They are primarily intended to treat targeted pain and inflammation, however, some are skin and hair care products.
Capsules and pills
These alternatives are consumed orally. Optically, they mimic your everyday vitamins and drugs found in pharmaceutical stores, except that they contain either CBD isolate or CBD oil.
CBD-infused chocolates and gummies are typical examples of edibles. After dosing, the effect may take off in about 20 minutes to four hours. The results are relatively long-lasting.
Vaporizers like e-cigs entail the use of vapor to inhale CBD oil-infused liquid. Although there is no nicotine scare with CBD vaping, inhalation is generally frowned upon.
8. How much CBD to take?
There is no universal CBD dose one should take. Individual body weight, body chemistry, CBD concentration in the product, and medical condition are essential factors that tell the right dosage.
So, before you dose, you may want to discuss with your local physician. This not only helps you find a more suiting dose; it also helps understand likely risk factors.
For self-recommendation, begin with low doses. Increase quantity gradually, and adjust appropriately, until you attain the desired effect.
Pro tip: Between 20 to 40 mg daily is a recommended start dose.
In summary, here are the 8 things you should know about CBD
- CBD is different from THC as it does not provide any psychoactive properties but may provide medicinal benefits.
- CBD is legal on the federal level but certain state may have a law against it. Best to check your own state laws to be sure.
Is CBD legal in the workplace? Typically, yes but again it depends on your state laws and employers policy.
- CBD does not produce a high like THC. No worries friends!
CBD has health benefits and is available as a medication in the form Epidiolex. This medication is approved for the treatment of two rare forms of epilepsy – Dravet and Lennox Gastaut syndrome.
- CBD is consider safe and widely tolerated however the FDA did note a potential for drug interactions that could effect the liver.
- CBD is available in many forms such oils, creams, capsules, vaping and edibles.
- When starting out on CBD, its best to consult your doctor first. However, 20 to 40 mg daily is a recommended start dose for most individuals